Timmons, S. M. (2012). African American Faculty Members’ Career Decisions About a Predominantly Caucasian Institution in the United States. JBPHPD: Res, Educ and Policy, 5 (1), 709-724.
Ethnic minority faculty enhance higher education outcomes. However, predominantly Caucasian institutions (PCIs) have been generally unsuccessful in recruiting and retaining African American scholars. Interpretive qualitative methodology and in-depth, individual interviews were used to explore factors that influence African American faculty members’ (n=10) decisions to accept, maintain, and leave PCI employment. Use of audio-taped transcripts and constant comparative data analysis revealed four themes: “character”, dual marketing, balance, and detour under pressure. They represent domains ranging from university attributes and surrounding community demographics to formal/informal marketing and overall balance of scholarship and personal well-being. Recommendations for recruiting and retaining African American faculty and implications for practice, education, and research are offered. Since diversity can enhance career outcomes for both faculty and students, findings hold implications for administrators seeking an ethnically more diverse workforce, especially in the health professions and sciences, technology, engineering, and mathematics. (see full article)
Keywords: African American; faculty; recruitment; retention; Caucasian; university
Chapman, S. (2011). Barriers to Nursing Education for Native American High School Students. JBPHPD: Res, Educ and Policy, 4 (2), 623-636.
Native Americans are the least represented of all minorities in US schools of nursing and the nursing workforce. Despite numerous efforts and strategies for recruiting and retaining Native Americans in nursing education, there has only been a slight increase in the Native American student nurses in the past decade. The shortage of Native American nurses in the workforce reflects this problem. The purpose of this qualitative study was to learn about barriers to nursing education from a select group of Native American high school seniors who expressed the desire to pursue nursing education. This study reflects the perceptions and experiences of seven Native American high school students through the analysis of qualitative interviews. An analysis of these interviews revealed five major barriers to nursing education: (1) insufficient knowledge about nursing as a career; (2) inadequate academic preparation in high school; (3) inadequate knowledge of financial resources available; (4) concerns and experiences with racism, negative stereotyping, and lack of cultural self-esteem; and (5) ambivalence about leaving the Tribe to attend nursing school. It is hoped that this study contributes to the growing body of knowledge about barriers to nursing education for Native American high school students and will contribute to future research on similar topics. (see full article)
Keywords: Native American barriers; high school; nursing education; higher education
DaKysha, M., Onsomu, E.O., Abuya, B.A. (20110. Entertainment-Education for Starting HIV/AIDS Discussions and Reducing Stigma: African American College Students’ Reactions to the Film Yesterday. JBPHPD: Res, Educ and Policy, 4 (1), 563-573.
Entertainment-education is a media tool used to reduce the spread and stigma associated with HIV/AIDS. This pilot study explored how African American (AA) college students understood stigma as portrayed in the South African film Yesterday. Data were collected through a focus group where four major themes emerged. One is “we can talk, but please do not touch.” The study shows that films on HIV/AIDS that feature people of African descent can be used to generate classroom discussions and promote positive attitudes about HIV/AIDS among AA students. (see full article)
Keywords: HIV/AIDS; entertainment-education; African American; students; South Africa
Sims, R. C., Mwendwa, D. T., Ali, M., Thomas, J., Callender, C. O., & Campbell, A. (2010). Depressive Symptomatology: Relations to C-Reactive Protein in African American Men. JBPHPD: Res, Educ and Policy, 3 (1), 45-61.
Cardiovascular disease is a major contributor to mortality among African American men. While the biological factors that increase risk are relatively well understood, the psychological factors are not. Research suggests that C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of cardiovascular risk, is associated with psychological mood states. This study examined the relationships among CRP and two types of depressive symptomatology in African American men. Data were collected from a sample of 98, African American, community-dwelling men in the metropolitan Washington, DC, area. A nurse collected blood samples (to assess CRP levels), blood pressure, and body mass index (BMI). Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II and the Revised Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) Depression Subscale. Linear regression analysis was the major statistical method used to assess the predictive relationship between CRP and depressive symptomatology. Results suggest that 1) acute depression is not predictive of CRP in African American men; 2) depressive personality style may be predictive of CRP; and 3) BMI may suggest a biobehavioral pathway that links lifestyle behaviors to CRP. Findings from the current study partially support the hypothesis that depressive symptomatology is predictive of CRP levels in African American men. Depressive personality style is possibly an underlying psychological factor that may affect CRP levels. The clinical implications of these findings suggest a need for valid depression screening and treatment of African American men at risk for cardiovascular disease and lifestyle modifications to decrease BMI. (see full article)
Keywords: African American; BMI; C-reactive protein; Depression