India is a secular state that guarantees freedom of “conscience” and religious expression. However, “communal” tensions have sometimes erupted in violence, and negotiating tolerance and space for religiosity is one of the great challenges of modern India. Over 80% of Indians are nominally Hindu, a complex of beliefs and practices with pre-historic origins that has remained dynamic and vital over millennia. India also boasts the third largest Muslim population and the largest Muslim minority population of any country in the world. Significant numbers of Indians are also Baha’is, Christian, Buddhist, Sikh, Jain, and Parsi Zoroastrians. Visitors to this page may also want to review sites in the various arts sections as well as the page on Caste and Ethnicity for additional resources.
Hosted on the UCLA College of Social Sciences site.
Religion and Spirituality
The SocioSite Project link to internet resources on all religions in the world, including South Asian religions such as Baha’i Faith, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism. The SocioSite project is based at the faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Amsterdam.
Archived introductions to major religions on the BBC Web site. Includes links to Baha’i Faith, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism, and Zoroastrianism (Parsis).
Religious Sites in India
Map of religious sites in India with brief introduction and links to sites covering all Indian religions.
The Sahmat Collective
Art and Activism in India since 1989: At the Ackland Art Museum, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Sept. 13, 2013 – Jan. 5, 2014. Sahmat is “an influential artist collective that has taken a consistent stance against the threats of religious fundamentalism and sectarianism in India through a vibrant mix of high art and street culture.”
South Asian Religions
Resources on South Asian religions from the South Asia Center at the University of Virginia, with information on Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Islam, Sikhism, and general religious resources for the faiths practiced in South Asia.